Solfeggio is a training course designed to develop a musical ear and musical memory. includes solfeggirovanie
(singing and pronouncing the names of notes), musical dictation and analysis of a piece of music by ear.
Musical dictation - is a form of work for solfeggio - record of hearing one or polyphonic music. This is one way to develop a musical ear.
Musical dictation heard in the performance of voice or other instrument (guitar), then written notes. It requires understanding of the
elements of mood, harmony, voice-leading, rhythm, musical form.
Musical analysis - a music-theoretical discipline that studies the structure of music, its melody, harmony, polyphony, rhythm and form.
In vocal music also analyzed the relationship of music and verbal text.